研究内容


■ Backgroud and objectives

A hundred year ago, people used a printing press and black-and-white films to, respectively, mass-produce documents and take pictures. The first fully-programmable computer was made using a mechanical system. X-ray, hemadynamometer, and electrocardiography entered the stage of medical diagnosis. Telephone system was available, yet wireless communication was about to be established. Nowadays, many of those instruments and systems become highly effective by, some of them totally replaced by, the concepts born out from modern physics, in particular electronics. Wouldn't be exciting to imagine our life a hundred year from now, and think how we approach to this heart-leaping problem? There are so many approaches to this endless, interesting, yet somehow distressful problem. My approach is to study new behavior of electrons in electromagnetic fields in solids, and propose concepts of new devices and applications which would lead us to a paradigm full of new knowledge and exciting ideas, and consequently to the improvement of our life.

Modern electron-based devices rely on the motion of charges. When charge of electrons move in matters which are full of atoms, they collide with the atomic network and yield heat. This is one of the fundamental limitations that electron-based devices face nowadays; the faster move electrons the hotter get devices! This means we generate more and more heat as far as we keep improving our life using the technology based on nowadays electronics. This is why people in fundamental research have started looking into phenomena that do not involve the motion of charges, before we face serious energy crisis in the future.

Spintronics is one of the candidate directions which people working in condensed matter physics have proposed; it relies on quantized direction, up or down, of electrons and atomic nuclei. The past half-century has been devoted primarily to build a framework in which spins and charge motions both participate. Thanks to this effort, knowledge in spintronics has been materialized into the realization of ultra-high-density magnetic storage and development of integrated non-volatile memory. At present, scientists worldwide are about to start building the second framework in which spin information is input, processed, and output without the charge motion. To this end, I, with my colleagues, am studying the way to manipulate spins in magnetic materials with light, kinds of high-frequency electromagnetic waves of around 1015 Hz and higher.

Why use light? Firstly, it is mass-less so that it does not induce motion of a charge center**. Secondly, it propagates very fast through the real space, e.g., c = 3.0 ´ 108 m/sec in the free space so that it can carry lots of information. Thirdly, it has both non-local and local characters depending on its frequency. Forth, since fire became a ground-breaking tool for our ancestors, light (an electromagnetic wave) has been and will be an indispensable partner for human being to exploit our future.

** Momentum of light is ignored for simplicity.

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■ Present research subjects

At the present stage, it is very important to pave the way toward establishing fundamental concepts of optical manipulation of spins. A key is the spin-orbit interaction. In order to understand this interaction, we pursue experimentally (i) how fast we can manipulate spins and (ii) to what extent the power of optical excitation can be reduced to manipulate spins, and (iii) development of new materials to pursue (i) and (ii). Another important subject is establishing fundamental concepts of devices for mutual conversion between light and spins; we study this with (iv) circularly polarized light emitters/detectors and (v) spin-controlled optical waveguides.
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教員からのメッセージ

munekata.JPGWe do both advanced materials science and advanced optical experiments. We need strong attitudes that we absorb anything that is necessary to achieve something new. Intermixing heterogeneous backgrounds sometimes takes time but is very important in science and technology. I love to work with those who like nature and see things from various angles. Discussions are very important. In order to keep your eyes sensitive to phenomena that are new for you, your mind should be refreshed everyday. Do you have your own way to refresh yourself? Visit our lab., the spin-photonics lab., if you wish to get in touch with us.





宗片比呂夫 教授


プロフィール
1984年 3月   東京工業大学大学院総合理工学研究科物理情報工学専攻博士課程修了 工学博士
1984年 4月   アメリカIBMワトソン研究所に入社
1993年12月   同研究所を退職
1994年 1月   東京工業大学工学部附属像情報工学研究施設・助教授に採用
1998年 6月   教授に昇任、現在に至る
この間、
2008年4月~2010年3月  附属像情報工学研究施設・施設長
2010年4月~2012年3月  像情報工学研究所・初代所長
2009年4月~2011年3月  社団法人応用物理学会・理事(刊行担当)

研究分野: 固体物理(実験)、結晶工学、スピントロニクス
学会会員: 応用物理学会、日本磁気学会、アメリカ物理学会会員

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